The word “Jagannath” is combination of two Sanskrit words, Jagat means ‘Universe’ and Nath means ‘Lord of’, so it means a Universal God or the lord of world. The Jagannath Puri’, is the famous Hindu temple situated in Indian state of Orissa at the Puri district.
In this temple, Jagannath is worshiped as a part of triad “Ratnabedi” and the triad is defined by Jainas as sign of Jaina called “Tri-ratna” on behalf of right thought and right observation and is part of harmony of deities that includes god Balabhadra and goddess Subhadra; where Balabhadra is considered as his brother and Subhadra is considered as his sister. Jagannath is the reincarnation of Lord Vishnu. The Jagannath might have been popular by other names such as ‘Jagant’, ‘Basudev’, ‘Jaganaelo’, ‘Nilamadhav’ or ‘Purusottama’.
According to Hindu culture, the temple is an pilgrimage, especially for the worshippers of “Shri Krishna and Vishnu”. The temple was built in 11th century by the king Anantavarman Chodaganga Deva. There is a wheel on the top of Jagannath temple which is made up of alloy of eight different metals known as Ashta Dhatu also known as Neela Chakra.
The deity has not been designed to symbolize the image of human being, it have a huge square head, merge with the chest into one piece of wooden stump without distinction of neck from the body. There is no identifiable hands and legs in the idol. The eyes are very large and round.
This temple is famous for Rath Yatra named Orchariot festival. In this festival, the three main deities are hauled on massive and highly decorated temple cars. The importance of car is that lakes of devotees acquire the opportunity to get thorough glance of their dearly deities.