Why Goverdhan Puja is celebrated as a festival ?
In the Dwapar Yuga, when Lord Vishnu incarnates himself as Krishna (the eighth son of Devki and Vasudev). Krishna made many legends about his heroic act in his childhood such as killing of demon Putna, taming the serpent Kaliya, lifting the Goverdhan hill and etc. Among them, Goverdhan puja has great importance.
In this Legend Lord Krishna taught people of Vrindavana to worship nature, he taught the importance of “Govardhan Parvat(Hill)” as mountains bring rain on earth. On his instruction people stopped worshiping Lord Indra (God of rains). Due to which Indira became very angry and to punish the people he send storm. Then Lord Krishna lifted the Govardhan Hill like an umbrella and protect the people of Vrindavana. By this people got the message of nature’s importance.
Since then every year this day is celebrated as Goverdhan Puja. The word ‘Govardhan’ comes Sanskrit language, in which “Go” means Cow and “Vardhana” means Nourishment. It is also called “Annakoot”,which is a mountain of food.
This occasion is celebrated on the 4th day of Diwali across India especially in Punjab, Haryana, and Uttar Pradesh with great joy and enthusiasm. On this day cow dung is used to create ‘Mountain of Goverdhan’ and people worship them and encircle around them. At last home-made sweets are shared among devotees.